Endangered British Wild Flowers

Under the 1981 Wildlife and Countryside Act it is illegal to uproot any wild plant without the
permission of the owner or occupier of the land. It is also illegal to pick, uproot, collect the
seed from or sell any of 107 particularly rare or vulnerable species, 80 of which are listed below.


Alpine Catchfly - Lychnis alpins
Alpine Fleabane - Erigeron borealis
Alpine Gentian - Gentianella nivalis
Alpine Rock-cress - Arabis alpina
Alpine Sow-thistle - Cicerbita alpina
Arctic Sandwort - Arenaria norvegica [and subsp. anglica]
Bedstraw Broomrape - Orobanche caryophyllacea
Blue Heath - Phyllodoce caerulea
Broad-leaved Cudweed - Filago pyramidata
Cambridge Milk-parsley - Selinum carvifolia
Cheddar Pink - Dianthus gratianopolitanus
Childing Pink - Petrohagia nanteuitii
Creeing Marshwort - Apium repens
Cut-leaved Germander - Teucrium botrys
Diapensia - Diapensia lapponica
Downy Woundwort - Stachys germanica
Drooping Saxifrage - Saxifraga cernua
Early Gentian - Gentianella anglica
Early Spider-orchid - Ophrys sphegodes
Fen Orchid - Liparis loeselii
Fen Ragwort - Senecio paludosus
Fen Violet - Viola persicifolia
Field Cow-wheat - Melanpyrum arvense
Field Eryngo - Eryngium capestre
Field Wormwood - Artemisia campestris
Fingered Speedwell - Veronica triphyllos
Floating Water-Plantain - Luronium natans
Fringed Gentian - Gentianella ciliata
Ghost Orchid - Epipogium aphyllum
Grass-poly - Lythrum hyssopfolia
Greater Yellow-rattle - Rhinanthus angustifolius
Green Hound's-tongue - Cynoglossum germanicum
Ground-pine - Ajuga chamepitys
Jersey Cudweed - Gnaphalium luteoalbum
Lady's-slipper - Cypripedium calceolus
Lapland Marsh-orchid - Dactylorhiza lapponica
Late Spider-orchid - Ophrys fuciflora
Least Lettuce - Lactuca saligna
Limestone Woundwort - Stachys alpina
Lizard Orchid - Himantoglossum hircinum
  Lundy Cabbage - Coincya wrightii
Marsh Saxifrage - Saxifraga hirculus
Martin's Ramping-fumitory - Fumaria reuteri
Meadow Clary - Salvia pratensis
Military Orchid - Orchus militaris
Monkey Orchid - Orchus simia
Norwegian Mugwort - Artemisia norvegica
Pedunculate Sea-purslane - Atriplex pedunculata
Pennyroyal - Mentha pulegium
Perennial Knawel - Scleranthus perennis
Perfoliate Penny-Cress - Thlaspi perfoliatum
Purple Colt's-foot - Homogyne alpina
Red Helleborine - Cephalanthea rubra
Red-tipped Cudweed - Filago lutescens
Rock Cinquefoil - Potentilla rupestris
Round-headed Leek - Allium sphaerocephalon
Sea Knotgrass - Polygonum maritinum
Shore Dock - Rumex rupestris
Sickle-leaved Hare's-Ear - Bupleurum falcatum
Slender Centaury - Centaurium tenuiflorum
Small Alison - Alyssum alyssoides
Small Fleabane - Pulicaria vulgaris
Small Hare's-Ear - Bupleurum baldense
Small Restharrow - Ononis reclinata
Snowdon Lily - Lloydia serotina
Spiked Rampion - Phyteuma spicatum
Spring Gentian - Gentianella verna
Starfruit - Damasonium alisma
Sticky Catchfly - Lychnis viscaria
Stinking Hawk's-Beard - Crepis foetida
Stinky Goosefoot - Chenopodium vulvaria
Strapwort - Corngiola litoralis
Teesdale Sandwort - Minuartia stricta
Teesdale Violet - Viola rupestris
Thistle Broomrape - Orobanche reticulata
Tufted Saxifrage - Saxifraga cespitosa
Viper's-Grass - Scorzonera humilis
Water Germander - Teucrium scordium
Welsh Mudwort - Limosella australis
Whorled Solomon's-seal - Polygonatum verticillatum
Wild Cotoneaster - Cotoneaster integerrimus
Wild Gladiolus - Gladiolus illyricus

Look after Britain's wild plants so that others can enjoy them too.

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